The eye’s natural, aged and cloudy lens is called a cataract. Cataracts can affect one or both eyes. In a cataract surgery, the cataract is removed and replaced with a new man-made lens implant, resulting in improved vision.
A large number of cataracts are caused by the normal ageing of the body although eye injuries can also cause cataracts. In rare circumstances, cataracts can occur at infancy as a result of faulty eye development.
LASIK is one of the most commonly performed refractive surgeries in the world. This laser procedure can correct common vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia. Over the last 20 years, the procedure has been refined with continued improvements in safety and efficacy.
SMILE is another type of laser procedure that achieves the same visual acuity as LASIK for the correction of nearsightedness.
Myopia control is the term used to describe specific treatments to slow the progression of near-sightedness in children.
Myopia control is important because it may help reduce the risk of vision-threatening complications associated with high myopia later in life — including glaucoma, cataracts, retinal detachment and even blindness. The younger the onset age of myopia, the greater the likelihood that a child will experience progression to vision-threatening levels of myopia.
Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is the condition noted by reduced vision developed when the brain does not fully acknowledge the images seen by the amblyopic eye. It is developed when there’s a breakdown in how the brain and the eye work together. The weaker — or lazy — eye often wanders inward or outward. This almost always affects only one eye but may manifest with reduction of vision in both eyes.
Amblyopia is one of the leading causes of decreased vision among children. The good news is that early diagnosis and treatment before the age of 8 can usually prevent long-term vision problems.
A cornea transplant is an operation to remove all or part of a damaged cornea and replace it with healthy donor tissue. Often referred to as keratoplasty or a corneal graft, this operation can be used to improve sight, relieve pain and treat severe infection or damage. The type of cornea transplant a patient needs will depend on which part of the cornea is damaged or how much of the cornea needs replacing.
Corneal eye disease is the fourth most common cause of blindness (after cataracts, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration).
Diabetic Retinopathy is one of the most common complications of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. People with retinopathy have damaged blood vessels in their retina, which in turn leak blood and other fluids. This will cause retinal tissue to swell, distorting vision.
Early detection, timely treatment and appropriate follow-up care of diabetic eye disease can protect against vision loss.